Masculinization of the torso or Mastectomy

Mastectomy or masculinization of the torso is a procedure in which the breast tissues and mammary glands are removed.

The 2 surgical techniques used:

Subcutaneous or periareolar mastectomy:

  • Small incisions following the bottom line of each nipple’s areolas;
  • Resection of tissues, glands, and excess skin by these small incisions;
  • Closure of the incisions.
Double incision bilateral mastectomy with nipple grafts (with nipple areolar complex or NAC graft):

This technique will be recommended by the surgeon when the patient has excess tissue and mammary glands.

  • Incision along the line of each areola in order to completely remove the nipple;
  • Sub-pectoral incision on each side of the torso;
  • Removal of the skin between the nipple and the sub-pectoral incision and, at the same time, resection of tissues and mammary glands;
  • Closure of the sub-pectoral incision;
  • Attachment of the nipple to the natural location on the male torso.

Contact us in order to know the surgical technique indicated for you.

After surgery:

  • Specific care: you may have Jackson-Pratt drains installed during surgery and may leave the hospital with the drains. Your family doctor or nurse can take care of removing the drains a few days after your surgery, as directed by your surgeon. 
  • Healing: During the 9 to 12 months following the surgical procedure, there is normally a natural skin retraction allowing for correction of any residual laxity.

*Due to multiple factors that are unique to each individual (such as weight and chest and back fat mass), results may vary from one person to another. Be assured that our surgical team works with each patient individually to achieve the best results possible. 

Postoperative care:

During your convalescence, you will be provided with the document Information and Postoperative Care – Chest masculinization and Jackson-Pratt drain. This document contains your surgeon’s instructions and will serve as a guide.

Download the document Information and Postoperative Care – Information and Postoperative Care – Chest masculinization and Jackson-Pratt drain.


The surgical procedure, your stay and convalescence
Average length of the surgery
Admission to the CMC
Convalescence at Asclépiade
Convalescence at home
Return to physical activities and sports
1.5 to 2 hours The day of the surgery General

None-Outpatient surgery

None 4 weeks 6 weeks
Medical follow-ups and appointments: Asclépiade provides personalized postoperative follow-ups to all patients. You will be getting a follow-up appointment with your surgeon one month after your surgery. If you cannot come to your appointment, your attending physician can follow-up with our surgeons by contacting the Asclépiade.